References

Introduction

  1. Implementation research toolkit. Geneva: Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR); 2014 (https://www.who.int/tdr/publications/topics/ir-toolkit/en/).
  2. In the IR context, an 'intervention' is typically defined as any health technology (medicine, vaccine or diagnostic test), or treatment and/or prevention practice and strategy, or efforts executed at the individual, community or institutional levels.
  3. End TB strategy. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016 (https://www.who.int/tb/publications/2015/The_Essentials_to_End_TB/en/).
  4. Massive open online course (MOOC) on implementation research: infectious diseases of poverty. Geneva: Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR); 2018 (https://tdr.who.int/home/our-work/strengthening-research-capacity/massive-open-online-course-(mooc)-on-implementation-research).
  5. Harries AD et al. The Union and Médecins Sans Frontières approach to operational research. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011;15(2):144–54 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21219672).
  6. Nilesen P. Making sense of implementation theories, models and frameworks. Implement Sci. 2015;10:53 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25895742).
  7. Handbook for the use of digital technologies to support tuberculosis medication adherence. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018 (https://www.who.int/tb/publications/2018/TB_medication_adherence_handbook_2018/en/).
  8. Classification of digital health interventions (v1.0). A shared language to describe the uses of digital technology for health. Geneva: World Health Organization and the UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction; 2018 (https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/mhealth/classification-digital-health-interventions/en/).
  9. Digital health for the End TB strategy: an agenda for action. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015 (https://www.who.int/tb/areas-of-work/digital-health/Digital_health_EndTBstrategy.pdf?ua=1).
  10. Information based on: Lewis, Liu, Zhang, Thomas, Vassal, Sweeny, Caihong et al. Evaluation of a medication monitor-based treatment strategy for drug-sensitive tuberculosis patients in China: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2018; 19: 398 (https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2650-3)